The bees and I are completely and utterly infatuated with these artichoke flowers, it seems that neither one of us can get enough. As much as I’ve enjoyed watching and observing the bees, it’s also interesting to note how the blossoms have changed shape – in the course of a single week, they’ve gone from concave to surprisingly convex. But back to the bees … I love how they hover over the flowers looking for a spot to land and then manage to crawl deep into the interior, in search of nectar.
I originally thought they were just collecting pollen, but after reading this informative article by Kathy Keatley Garvey, I learned otherwise. According to Extension apiculturist Eric Mussen of UC Davis, it turns out that the bees are attracted to the nectar “hot spot” deep within the artichoke flower. I’m so glad I didn’t harvest all of my artichokes; bees need both pollen and nectar to survive, and artichoke flowers are a good source of both. Basically, bees need nectar for energy (they use it to make honey, which gets them through the winter) and they need pollen to feed the brood and queen.
Planting a wide variety of plants, including natives and wildflowers, results in a longer bloom time and a more diverse source of food. This in turn gives the bee population a greater chance of survival. With bee populations in serious decline due to colony collapse disorder (and blood-sucking mites), honey bees need all the help they can get.
Mariellé Anzelone, urban conservation biologist and executive director of NYC Wildflower Week, sums it up best in her op-ed piece, “Greedy Gardeners” in the New York Times. In it she writes, “When forests and meadows are lost (to development or farming), places for bees to eat also disappear. These wild bees feed us, but we are not feeding them.”
To learn more about how you can help feed bees, hummingbirds, butterflies and other pollinators, check out this helpful website by Pollinator Partnership.
As always, thank you for reading.
I hope you have a wonderful weekend and a magical first day of summer.